"Land, then, is not merely soil; it is a fountain of energy flowing through a circuit of soils, plants, and animals. Food chains are the living channels which conduct energy upward; death and decay return it to the soil."
(A Sand County Almanac)
A Homer Alaskan native, Nancy Lord, in her book "Early Warming" wrote: "In the last fifty years, Alaska temperatures averaged across the state and through the year rises of 3.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Winter temperatures have risen more sharply, by an average of 6.3 degrees." In February, 2010 "the winter snows turned to rain." Her neighbors and she went about without jackets or hats. "Then in March, a blizzard dumped four feet of snow, temperatures dropped to zero, and schools were closed for the first time in decades."